J1c2c3 Haplogroup - King Richard III and David Brinkman


A special thanks to James Lick for developing and supporting the mtDNA Haplogroup Analysis tool which produced the following results. The FTDNA full sequence mtDNA analysis also gave the same J1c2c3 result for David Brinkman. The complete J1c2c3 research results on the bones of King RIchard III can be found at this link: Nature: Identification of the remains of King Richard III.



Above: David Brinkman's mtDNA mutations that define him as J1c2c3.